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聚力体育直播 industrial mobile robot safety standard, R15.08

Mobile robots are going to be everywhere soon. Here's how to keep workers safe around them: R15.08, American National Standard for Industrial Mobile Robots -- Safety Requirements -- Part 1: Requirements for the Industrial Mobile Robot.

By Jackie Rose October 5, 2020
Courtesy: Association for Advancing Automation (A3)

 

Learning Objectives

  • Official Standard Title is R15.08, American National Standard for Industrial Mobile Robots — Safety Requirements — Part 1: Requirements for the Industrial Mobile Robot.
  • Official Reference Number is ANSI/RIA R15.08-1-2020.
  • Shorthand Name(s) are R15.08-1; IMR Safety.

In a critical first step toward common guidelines in the growing sector of mobile robotics,聽the new American National Standard聽(ANS)聽for safety requirements for industrial mobile robots, R15.08 Part 1, is expected to be published in November by the Robotic Industries Association (RIA), after more than four years of work and input from hundreds of industry experts.

鈥淩15.08 Part 1 will be a solid foundation for future work in this area,鈥澛爏aid Carole Franklin, RIA聽director of聽standards聽development.聽鈥淲e focused on the industrial environment, mainly spaces where the general public do not have unrestricted access. Additional considerations will be needed for safety of the public in non-industrial environments, such as retail, and this is one example of a subject that could be covered in future work.鈥

What is R15.08聽and how can it help mobile industrial robots?

R15.08-1 is a document providing technical requirements for the design and integration of industrial mobile robots. R15.08-1 is important because the rapidly developing capabilities of mobile robots will make industrial mobile robots (IMRs) and聽industrial mobile robot聽fleets (IMRFs) an increasingly common type of robot application in the future.聽For this advancement in productivity to succeed, the safety of human workers around mobile robot applications must be ensured.

Why is聽R15.08聽needed for mobile industrial robots?

A paradigm shift has occurred in recent years with the continued advancement of mobile robots in the workplace. In the past, the American National Standard for industrial robot and robot system safety (R15.06-2012) permitted the safe use of mobile robots but did not provide detail on how to do this. R15.06 focuses on manipulator-type industrial robots (鈥渁rms鈥).

Other related existing standards included AGV safety standards,聽such as B56.5 for Driverless, Automatic Guided Industrial Trucks (automatic guided vehicles or聽鈥淎GVs鈥) and ISO 3691-4聽Industrial trucks聽鈥撀燬afety requirements and verification聽鈥撀燩art 4: Driverless industrial trucks and their systems. These documents have historically been written with the assumption the AGV relied on some form of predetermined聽guidepath聽rather than autonomous navigation.

鈥淎MRs and mobile manipulators need safety requirements beyond what existed in R15.06, which generally assumed industrial robots were stationary, or B56.5, which historically assumed that mobile machines needed predetermined聽guidepaths,鈥澛燜ranklin聽said.

A Staubli robot at Automate 2019 works in a flexfactory demonstration that could be supplied by a mobile robot. R15.08, American National Standard for Industrial Mobile Robots 鈥 Safety Requirements 鈥 Part 1: Requirements for the Industrial Mobile Robot is expected to be available in November 2020 at www.robotics.org. Courtesy: Association for Advancing Automation (A3)

A Staubli robot at Automate 2019 works in a flexfactory demonstration that could be supplied by a mobile robot. R15.08, American National Standard for Industrial Mobile Robots 鈥 Safety Requirements 鈥 Part 1: Requirements for the Industrial Mobile Robot is expected to be available in November 2020 at www.robotics.org. Courtesy: Association for Advancing Automation (A3)

R15.08 includes use of an industrial robot arm on a mobile robot

Until now, mobile robot manufacturers had only general safety requirements for industrial machinery. R15.08 Part 1 provides a common set of requirements for industrial mobile robots and yet is flexible enough to permit companies to develop their own solutions. A particular missing piece from R15.06 and B56.5 was how to combine an industrial manipulator with a mobile platform, especially when each had its own safety controller.

For example, for a聽鈥渕obile manipulator鈥澛爐ype of robot, the question could be asked of what to do in the case when a manipulator is mounted to an AGV as a mobile platform? In that case, which safety standard takes precedence, R15.06 for the manipulator (鈥渋ndustrial robot鈥澛爌er R15.06) or B56.5 (for the AGV as the mobile platform)? R15.08 Part 1 provides such detailed requirements.

R15.08 Part 2 mobile robot systems, system integration, fleets; R15.08 Part 3 mobile industrial robot users

The R15.08 Committee will develop R15.08 Part 2, with safety requirements for industrial mobile robot systems and system integration. R15.08 Part 2 will cover any adaptions necessary for the application and the specific facility in which the IMR(s) will be used. Part 2 will also provide safety requirements for IMR fleets (IMRFs). Another future effort, R15.08 Part 3, will provide safety requirements for users of IMRs and IMRFs.

Who should use the聽ANS聽for industrial mobile robots?

Mobile robot manufacturers are the primary intended audience for R15.08 Part 1. Mobile robot integrators and users should also become familiar with the requirements in R15.08 Part 1; more detailed requirements will be聽in聽R15.08 Parts 2 and 3.

鈥淚t鈥檚 been more than five years since the need for this standard was first identified and exploratory work was done,鈥 Franklin聽said. 鈥淭he technical expert volunteers who worked on this committee have done amazing work with R15.08 Part 1. We are looking forward to publishing this highly-anticipated document for our industry.鈥

Jackie Rose聽is marketing and communications manager聽, a CFE Media content partner.聽Edited by Mark T. Hoske, content manager,聽,聽CFE Media聽and Technology,聽mhoske@cfemedia.com.

KEYWORDS:聽R15.08 Part 1, industrial mobile robots, safety

Official Standard Title聽is R15.08, American National Standard for Industrial Mobile Robots — Safety Requirements — Part 1: Requirements for the Industrial Mobile Robot

Official Reference Number聽is ANSI/RIA R15.08-1-2020

Shorthand Name(s)聽are R15.08-1; IMR Safety

CONSIDER THIS聽

While R15.08-1聽targets robot manufacturers, system integrators and users, who will be address in parts 2 and 3, also can benefit.

ONLINE聽

For the standard, look here in November 2020 for ANSI/RIA R15.08-1-2020.


Jackie Rose
Author Bio: Jackie Rose, Association for Advancing Automation (A3)